Stem Cell ACL, cartilage repair India

Stem Cell ACL, Cartilage repair India may be game changer

Stem cell ACL, cartilage repair India may be game changer

A young lady with combined anterior cruciate ligament and cartilage injury of her knee was treated with her own cells in Chennai through key-hole surgery. This is the first time that a patient’s own cells were used to repair a partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). A cartilage lesion under her knee cap was also simultaneously repaired using cells.

Stem cell ACL & cartilage repair India
Mrs. AR who had a single stage partial ACL and cartilage repair with stem cells is seen with Dr. A.K.Venkatachalam

Case report– A 25-year-old AP housewife injured her right knee in a domestic fall two years ago. Following this, her knee would give way while descending stairs. She also felt pain on sitting. She sought treatment in Chennai from Dr.A.K.Venkatachalam. An MRI scan showed a partially torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and cartilage damage underneath her knee cap. A key-hole surgery clearly identified the problem.  One of the two bundles of the ACL was partially torn. The other bundle was still attached. There was loss of cartilage under the knee cap. It was decided to repair the ligament and cartilage with her cells through key-hole surgery.  An intra-ligamentous injection of cells into the torn ligament was done and the cartilage lesion was treated with a cell gel technique in an one and half hour long key hole surgery procedure.
The patient is recovering with therapy and has been relieved of pain. The final result will be known by an MRI scan in future and its result too will be presented.

Discussion– The anterior cruciate ligament is the major internal ligament.  It stabilizes the knee joint in a front- back direction. Tears of this ligament occur in sports, road accidents and domestic falls. This injury invariably leads to degenerative changes in the knee and hence orthopedic surgeons advice surgical reconstruction.  Surgery for ACL tears involves taking down the torn ligament and replacing it with a ligament harvested from another part of the body. This is called an ACL reconstruction and it is the gold standard of ACL surgery.

Disadvantages of standard ACL reconstruction

  1. Recovery can take as long as one-year before return to sports is possible.
  2. High risk of graft failure- A study published in the American Journal of sports medicine in 2014 showed that young patients had a risk of graft rupture2.
  3. Lack of stretch sense – Proprioceptive sense inherent in the native ligament is gone forever whatever the physical therapy input be.
  4. Lack of full recovery in the donor tissue- The hamstring muscle from which the graft is harvested rarely regains its strength.
  5. Risk of degenerative changes. This occurs invariably and more commonly in women.

So how does one avoid degenerative changes and additional morbidity associated with ACL reconstruction while retaining stability? This has sparked an interest in ACL repair with or without biologics.
A further development is the injection of biological cells into the torn ACL to make it heal. There is evidence that partial and in some early cases, even full thickness ACL tears can be healed with cell therapy. This is based on experimental evidence in both animals and humans.
A small case series in humans is available for treatment of ACL injuries with precisely targeted cell injections without key-hole surgery1.

What are the benefits of cell repair of ACL tears over standard ACL reconstruction?

  1. Morbidity associated with graft harvest from another body source is avoided. The risk of infection from a cadaveric allograft is also eliminated.
  2. The recovery time with cell repair is much less than with a full ACL reconstruction. Recovery begins right away and takes about six to twelve weeks as against the six to nine months required for a full ACL reconstruction surgery. This is of great value to professional sports person as well as others. Everybody wants to recover faster from their ailments and lead normal lives.
  3. The cost too is far less when you consider the surgical cost, rehab cost, time required off work and costs involved in inability to return to sports.

What is the benefit of key-hole surgery in this condition?

  1. Key-hole surgery allows the surgeon to visualize the whole of the ligament including its bony attachments at both ends, tug at it to check its integrity and take the appropriate decision based on intra operative findings. This is what was done for this young lady. As the ligament was only partially torn, cells were injected into the torn portion to induce a biological healing response in accordance with evidence.
    Direct visualization of the other structures like cartilage and menisci is possible. In this case the MRI documented area of cartilage loss under the knee cap was reconfirmed. This too could be treated with cells.

Both the problems were treated with the patient’s own bone marrow derived cells in a one and half hour long procedure.

Who would benefit from cell treatment of ACL tears?

  1. It would mainly benefit those patients with partial ACL tears in which part of the ligament is still attached to bone or there is a mid-substance partial tear.
  2. Also it could contribute to patients who undergo surgical repair of un-retracted tears as opposed to reconstruction.
  3. There is evidence that it also improves the healing of standard ACL reconstruction by improving the quality of ligament tissue and ligament-bone interfaces.

To benefit from cell mediated ACL repair, patients should seek medical help soon after a knee injury.
Not all patients with a knee injury seek help immediately. Case selection is very important. Delay in diagnosis and treatment leads to wide separation of the torn ends and results in additional damage to cartilage and menisci. These patients may well need an ACL reconstruction.
Patients with a partially torn ligament and minimal retraction of the ACL ends are most likely to benefit from this treatment. This would be possible only if patients sought medical attention soon after injury. Earlier MRI diagnosis would identify suitable cases for cell treatment. It would allow minimally invasive repair or stem cell treatment and avoid further damage to the menisci and articular cartilage.

To sum up, this novel key-hole cell mediated ACL; cartilage repair is likely to be a game changer. It will allow patients to retain their own ACL, preserve joint sensation, hasten recovery and lower costs. Biological treatments are finding an increasing role in orthopedic ailments.



See the video of the procedure Stem cell ACL,cartilage repair India .


Stem cell treatment hip arthritis India

Stem cell treatment hip arthritis India

Stem cell treatment hip arthritis India.

Yesterday I saw a 30-year-old software analyst from northern India. She has had hip pain for  the last two years. After seeing many doctors in her hometown she visited me this week. After doing a battery of tests and x-rays, I concluded that she has got degenerative arthritis of the left hip. Here’s her x-ray.

Stem cell treatment hip arthritis India

One can see joint space narrowing on the left hip. The conventional treatment for this is a total hip replacement.

Stem cell treatment hip arthritis India is an option now.

For more information about total hip replacement in India visit

available in my practice in India.

Stem Cell Knee Treatment

Evidence stem cell treatment Chennai

Last night a doctor asked me for the longest duration of evidence stem cell treatment Chennai in my practiceCases of OA knee from 2004 on whom I performed first generation cell procedures constitute this evidence. I started doing first generation biological procedure by arthroscopy in 2004. There are several patients with early knee osteoarthritis who were able to avoid or postpone a knee replacement by several years. Subsequently they either got a further biological treatment or went in for knee replacement. See the videos below for this evidence. This evidence pre dates some of the stem cell clinics in the US who reported their first cases in 2008. Although it was done by arthroscopy, the scientific basis is the same: of getting the body’s cells to repair the body. If you need more evidence for stem cells, please see the FAQ section.

  1. The first video recorded in 2013 is that of a man who underwent a micro fracture of the knee in 2006. His knee pain was relieved. Only in the year 2013 he had some recurrence and this was further treated by a PRP injection. He has not had any problem in the last two years. He has been able to avoid a knee replacement so far.
    Watch the video from 0.48 to 1.24 for the relevant portion. He says that earlier he had severe knee pain and was unable to stand for even five minutes. He underwent a micro fracture procedure at DAE hospital and this relieved him of pain. Micro fracture is a first generation stem cell procedure. It consists of harvesting cells from the base of the damaged cartilage in the knee. Underlying cells flow into the area and organize to form a super clot. These go on to mature to form a covering layer of fibro cartilage. Pain relief results which can last for several years. The MRI picture is also captured in the video at 1.38 fleetingly.

2. In the second video, a lady underwent a micro fracture of her left knee in the year 2007. Her knee pain began from 2005. She was able to obtain good pain relief and function which lasted up to 2011. She finally decided to get  knee replacement in 2013 which is when this video was recorded. So she was able to manage for six years with a first generation cell procedure known as micro fracture. Watch from 4.16 to 6.37. This video is in Tamil.


So one can note that I have followed up my patients over the years. So seven years is the longest duration  of follow up with cell therapy with in my practice with the first generation technique. This constitutes proof. In fact, this news was also published in The Hindu, an English news paper in 2004 and 2005.

Knee cap cartilage loss India

Knee cap cartilage loss India

Are you suffering from knee cap cartilage loss India? The MRI is that of a 48 year old male with knee pain. There is no previous injury. He has a desk job. Knee cap cartilage loss is very common and manifests with pain during stair climbing, floor squatting, elliptical exercises and use of Indian toilet. Until now there was no permanent treatment. Thankfully now stem cells offer a solution. E mail


Knee cap cartilage loss
Knee cap cartilage loss in a 48 year old male.

Chennai doctor treats London scientist knee pain with cells

Seventy-year-old scientist in London was suffering from chronic thigh and knee pain. After several visits and investigations, doctors there could not explain her symptoms and told her that her condition was a mystery to them. She then consulted orthopedic surgeon Dr A K Venkatachalam at Guest Hospital in Chennai and underwent stem cell therapy.

Addressing mediapersons here on Wednesday, Venkatachalam said, “When I examined the scientist, she had two problems. One, an osteo arthritis, a chronic condition of joints where the cartilage gets worn out and another, vascular clodication, a condition of thigh pain due to rigid blood vessels.”

About the treatment, he said the stem cells from her bone marrow were used as a catalyst to regenerate cells in her knee and build up cartilage.

Although such a treatment is not the first of its kind, it shows the growing trend in stem cell therapy in our city. Also, a lot of people today suffer from arthritis, Venkatachalam said.

“While stem cell therapy is an effective tool for cure, patients should not take pain killers during the time of treatment.  Symptoms such as grinding of the bones and other undiscovered side effects can be negligible. Some of the causes for arthritis can be old age,” he said.

Flax seeds oil, amla and Vitamin C rich diet that help in building cartilage can be used to prevent such a state, he added.


Stem Cells are called Medicinal Signalling Cells as they act as a signal to repair and regenerate cells. They can be obtained from any part of the body such as third molar, umbilical chord and bone marrow. It can also be taken from dead foetus as embryonic cells.

Source: News Today